March 27, 2012

Hypopituitarism Pituitary Insufficiency

Posted in FATIGUE, RELATED: HORMONES tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , at 9:18 pm by PCOSLady

Hypopituitarism Pituitary Insufficiency
Pituitary insufficiency post is important since many people are having radiation, brain surgery, etc… today… You may not be told of the long after effects that can occur in you!
~ … My close friend had a deadly cancer removed from his sinus cavity (under eye) a few years ago… The fatigue and pituitary symptoms started two years ago… The symptoms are now progressing real quick! He was up 24/7 now he just wants or has to sleep like 24/7…
Pituitary Insufficiency
Hypopituitarism is a condition in which the pituitary gland does not produce normal amounts of some or all of its hormones.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The pituitary gland is a small structure that is located just below the brain. It is attached by a stalk to the hypothalamus, the area of the brain that controls its function.
The hormones released by the pituitary gland (and their functions) are:
~ Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) — stimulates the adrenal gland to release cortisol; cortisol helps to maintain blood pressure and blood sugar
~ Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) — controls water loss by the kidneys
~ Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) — controls sexual function and fertility in males and females
~ Growth hormone (GH) — stimulates growth of tissues and bone
~ Luteinizing hormone (LH) — controls sexual function and fertility in males and females
~ Oxytocin — stimulates the uterus to contract during labor and the breasts to release milk
~ Prolactin — stimulates female breast development and milk production
~ Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) — stimulates the thyroid gland to release hormones that affect the body’s metabolism
In hypopituitarism, there is a lack of one or more pituitary hormones. Lack of the hormone leads to loss of function in the gland or organ that it controls. For example, no TSH leads to loss of function in the thyroid gland.
Hypopituitarism may be caused by:
~ Brain surgery
~ Brain tumor
~ Head trauma
~ Infections of the brain and the tissues that support the brain
~ Radiation
~ Stroke
~ Subarachnoid hemorrhage (from a burst aneurysm)
~ Tumors of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus
Occasionally, hypopituitarism is due to uncommon immune system or metabolic diseases, such as:
~ Hemochromatosis
~ Histiocytosis X
~ Lymphocytic hypophysitis
~ Sarcoidosis
Hypopituitarism is also a rare complication after pregnancy, a condition called Sheehan’s syndrome.
~ Abdominal pain
~ Decreased appetite
~ Decreased sexual interest (in men)
~ Failure to release milk (in women)
~ Fatigue
~ Headache
~ Infertility (in women)
~ Lack of sex drive (in women)
~ Loss of armpit or pubic hair
~ Loss of body or facial hair (in men)
~ Low blood pressure
~ Sensitivity to cold
~ Short height (less than 5 feet) if onset is during a growth period
~ Slowed growth and sexual development (in children)
~ Stopping of menstrual periods (in women)
~ Vision problems
~ Weakness
~ Weight loss
Note: Symptoms may develop slowly and may vary greatly, depending upon:

~ The number of hormones that are missing and the organs they affect
~ The severity of the disorder
Other symptoms that may occur with this disease:
~ Face swelling
~ Hair loss
~ Hoarseness or changing voice
~ Joint stiffness
~ Weight gain (unintentional)
Signs and tests
To diagnose hypopituitarism, there must be low hormone levels due to a problem with the pituitary gland. The diagnosis must also rule out diseases of the organ that is affected by this hormone.
Tests include:
~ Brain CT scan
~ Pituitary MRI
~ Serum ACTH
~ Serum cortisol
~ Serum estradiol (estrogen)
~ Serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
~ Serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)
~ Serum luteinizing hormone (LH)
~ Serum testosterone level
~ Serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
~ Thyroid hormone (T4)
Levels of a pituitary hormone may be high in the bloodstream if you have a pituitary tumor that is producing too much of that hormone. The tumor may crush other cells of the pituitary, leading to low levels of other hormones.
~ A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia
pituitary insufficiency
brain mass causing pcos

4 Types of Rosacea (PCOS & Acne)

Posted in ROSACEA tagged , , , , , , , , , , , at 5:25 am by PCOSLady

The 4 Types of Rosacea
in “Understanding Rosacea”
Rosacea often begins with easy blushing and flushing of the facial skin. These symptoms may come and go at first. Eventually, redness persists around the nose, extending to the rest of the face. As rosacea progresses, additional facial symptoms such as burning, stinging, pimples, swelling, dry skin, enlarged blood vessels, and eye involvement may occur. These combinations of symptoms fall into the following four subtypes:
~ Subtype 1: Facial Redness (Erythematotelangietatic rosacea). Flushing and/or continuous facial redness occurs. Blood vessels are visible, especially around the nose.
~ Subtype 2: Bumps and pimples (Papulopustular rosacea). Pimples occur, and puslike lesions may be present, along with the facial redness. You may feel burning and stinging, and blood vessels on your face may be enlarged. This stage of rosacea is also known as acne rosacea.
~ Subtype 3: Enlargement of the nose (Phymatous rosacea). Your skin begins to thicken and develops an irregular texture. This thickening is most evident on the nose and can also occur on the ears, chin, cheeks, and forehead. You may have enlarged skin pores in addition to the large blood vessels.
~ Subtype 4: Eye irritation (Ocular rosacea). One or both eyes are affected in this subtype. They may be bloodshot, teary, itchy, dry, burning, or stinging, and you may have blurred or decreased vision. It’s common to feel as though you have a foreign body in the eye. This is a serious eye condition; you may need to see an ophthalmologist.
Symptoms of the first three subtypes may also be present on the neck, chest, ears, and scalp. Your health care provider can evaluate the subtype of rosacea you have. He or she will prescribe the treatment based on the subtype and additional information provided during an examination.
PCOS lady strongly suggests you look at the pictures at site… You may have acne to severe rosacea…
Medical Reviewer: [Lee Jenkins, Sara Foster, RN, MPH], [Nelson, Gail MS, APRN, BC], [Sara Foster, RN, MPH] Copyright: © 2000-2010 The StayWell Company, 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional’s instructions.
Rosacea in relation to PCOS
~ Rosacea is partly testosterone-dependant so lowering and/or blocking testosterone can help. Topical metronidazole helps as well. Usually the combination works the best.
~ There is no evidence that progesterone cream helps and I do not recommend it.
~ Low testosterone does not aggravate rosacea but helps it.
~ AOL Health on Rosacea
~ The National Rosacea Society
~ Home of the National Rosacea Society. A website about the medical condition Rosacea. Features information for patients, physicians, newsletter, research grants, press …

~ Mayo Clinic – Rosacea — Comprehensive overview covers causes, symptoms and treatment of this inflammatory, adult skin disease.
~ If you think you have rosacea, it’s important to get medical care. Why? Because not only can this vascular, inflammatory condition get worse and potentially cause permanent damage to your skin, it has the ability to psychologically and emotionally impact your life. From avoiding social events to not feeling as self-confident as you once did, rosacea can affect life choices.
~ Hormone Center of New York

~ Medscape…. Acne and Rosacea: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment in the Primary Care Setting
~ PCOS segment:
~ Rosacea is a non-commercial site
rosacea facts
rosacea triggers
rosacea and PCOS
rosacea and adult acne
a red face could signal rosacea
the 4 types of rosacea
the hows and whys of rosacea


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