July 25, 2012

Triglyceride FAQS

Posted in FAQS, LIFESTYLE CHANGES tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , at 7:36 pm by PCOSLady

Monday, June 25, 2012
1. What are triglycerides?
Triglycerides are a type of fat derived from the food we eat. Any calories we take in that aren’t used right away for energy are converted into triglycerides. Triglycerides move through the blood and are stored in fat cells. Our hormones regulate when triglycerides are released from fat cells to be used as energy between meals.
2. Why should I care about my triglyceride level?
A high blood triglyceride level–called hypertriglyceridemia–increases your risk for heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. It’s linked to an increased risk for diabetes. High triglycerides are also a risk factor for chronic pancreatitis–inflammation of the pancreas.
3. What causes high triglycerides?
Excess triglycerides occur most often due to inactivity and being overweight. But they can also be triggered by high alcohol consumption, diabetes, or an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). Hypertriglyceridemia can also be a side effect of some medications, including birth control, corticosteroids, beta blockers, and others. High triglycerides also can stem from a genetic condition.
4. How do I know if I have high triglycerides?
A simple blood test, called a fasting lipid profile, measures cholesterol and triglycerides. If you’ve had your cholesterol tested and know your numbers, it’s likely your triglycerides were included. Doctors usually recommend men and women have the test at least every five years, beginning at age 20. People who have high triglycerides or are at risk for heart disease may need to have the test more often. Ask your doctor when you should be tested.
5. What does my triglyceride level mean?
Everyone has triglycerides in their body. And at normal levels, triglycerides are healthy. Talk to your doctor if your levels are above normal.
Below are the ranges for triglyceride levels:
Normal: Less than 150 mg/dL
Borderline-high: 150 to 199 mg/dL
High: 200 to 499 mg/dL
Very high: 500 mg/dL or higher
6. What lifestyle changes can I make to lower my triglycerides or keep them under control?
If you’re overweight, reduce your calorie intake to achieve a normal weight. Exercise at least 30 minutes each day. Eat a diet low in saturated and trans fats. Drink alcohol only in moderation–one drink a day for women and two for men at most. And try to reduce your carbohydrate intake to no more than 60 percent of total calories. A diet high in carbohydrates raises triglyceride levels.
7. Are there medications that can help?
Lifestyle changes are the primary treatment for hypertriglyceridemia. But there are medications that may help some people. If your doctor prescribes medicine for high triglyceride levels, it’s still very important to exercise and eat a healthy diet.
How Sugar Affects Triglycerides
From Every Day Health site – story is deleted
Triglycerides Health Center
High-Fructose Corn Syrup May Lead to High Triglycerides
Open your fridge or cupboard, and take a look at the labels on your food. Chances are you’ll see high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), a common form of added sugar. The U.S. food supply provides a whopping 53 pounds of HFCS per person each year. That adds up to a lot of empty calories. Now a new study from Princeton University suggests that it may also lead to higher triglycerides.
Is HFCS Bad News?
HFCS is made by processing corn syrup to create a blend of two simple sugars: fructose and glucose. The result is a cheap sweetener used in a wide array of sugary drinks and processed foods, such as regular sodas, energy drinks, sweetened fruit drinks, candies, desserts, canned fruits, jams, yogurt, condiments, soups, spaghetti sauce, crackers, cereals, and breads.
In the Princeton study, rats given HFCS gained more weight than those given sucrose (a.k.a. table sugar). This was true even when their calorie intake was the same. Over a period of months, rats fed HFCS also developed higher triglycerides and abnormal increases in abdominal fat. When such changes occur together in humans, they increase the risk for heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
The Effect on Triglycerides
Scientists are just starting to sort out how HFCS and triglycerides might be linked.
Fructose vs. Glucose
There has been little research done comparing the effects of HFCS with those of pure fructose or pure glucose. Pure fructose—found naturally in fruit—is broken down and used by the body differently from glucose.
Studies show that eating a lot of fructose may raise triglyceride levels after meals. If this eating pattern continues for weeks, it may lead to higher triglyceride levels at other times, too. The triglyceride-raising effect may be stronger in men and in women after menopause than in younger women. Compared to glucose, fructose also may decrease insulin sensitivity and increase belly fat—risk factors for heart disease and diabetes that often go hand-in-hand with elevated triglycerides.
HFCS vs. Sucrose
In real life, most sugar in the U.S. diet isn’t pure fructose or glucose. Instead, it’s HFCS or sucrose. The latter are both compounds made of fructose and glucose, but there are key differences between them. First, sucrose contains equal parts fructose and glucose. But HFCS contains unequal amounts and often is a bit heavier on the fructose side. Second, the fructose molecules in HFCS, unlike those in sucrose, are “free” and “unbound.” This means they’re easier for the body to use.
Theoretically, these differences could account for the different effects seen in rats fed HFCS or sucrose. Researchers think similar effects may occur in people as well. But more research in humans is needed before any firm conclusions can be drawn.
Short and Sweet Advice
What does this mean for you? To help manage not only your triglycerides but also your weight, it’s best to limit all added sugars. That’s any form of sugar put into a food or drink during processing, cooking, or serving. The American Heart Association says such sugars should add up to no more than 150 calories (about 9 teaspoons) per day for men or 100 calories (about 6 teaspoons) per day for women.
Reaching this goal isn’t easy; the average American currently gets more than two to three times that many calories per day from sugar. But every little bit helps. To get started, the next time you’re at the store, instead of buying sugary sodas, energy drinks, or fruit punches, choose sugar-free or low-calorie drinks instead.
Keep reading those food labels. If you see HFCS listed there, you might want to give your food or drink choice a second thought.
how sugar affects triglycerides

May 14, 2012

Health Ratings

Posted in FAQS tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , at 6:04 am by PCOSLady

~ ~ ~
PCOS Lady:
Felt these were important sites for you to know about … I feel the information will answer many things you may experience in the areas where you wish to live or do live…
~ County Health Ratings … The County Health Rankings show us that where we live matters to our health. The health of a community depends on many different factors – ranging from health …
~ Medicare.gov – Compare the Quality of Care and Services of … Find Medicare approved health care providers and compare the quality of care and services for Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Physicians, Dialysis Facilities and Home …
~ Diabetes and Obesity Rates by County Reference. Compare … Find and compare diabetes, obesity, and physical activity rates by county, state, and year. Data from the CDC…
~ Health Grades, the leading independent health care ratings company. Research hospitals, doctors, nursing homes, and more. Find a doctor, specialty directory, hospital, dentist …. It is a joint project of Consumer Reports and the Health Improvement institute …
~ The 3 sites rated, ordered below by popularity measured by traffic (not by ratings score), are:
~ Walgreens.com
~ CVS.com
~ Rite Aid.com

March 24, 2008

Biochemical Features in PCOS…

Posted in FAQS tagged , , , , , , , at 6:39 pm by PCOSLady

Thankyou Mary Kate
:::: Biochemical Features in PCOS ::::
Increased Fasting Insulin
Increased Insulin Resistance
Increased Testosterone
Increased Androstenedione
Increased LH
Increased LH/FSH ratio
Increased LH pulse frequency
Increased TNF-alpha
Increased DHEAS
Increased C-Reactive Protein
Increased Homocysteine
Increased Prolactin
Increased blood sugar
Increased Triglycerides
Increased MMP-2 and MMP-9
Increased Granulosa Cell VEGF
Increased 5 alpha-reductase activity
Increased Estrone (E1)
Increased Estrone/Estradiol (E1/E2) ratio
Increased ACTH
Increased Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1)
Increased Nuclear transcription factor kappa beta (NF-KappaB) activation
Increased insulin receptor serine phosphorylation
Increased melatonin production
Increased aldosterone
Increased serum neopterin levels
Increased Interleukin-6
Increased Interleukin-18
Increased Anti-mullerian hormone
Decreased Glutathione
Decreased SHBG levels
Decreased Antioxidant status
Decreased D-Chiro-Inositol
Decreased Magnesium
Decreased FSH
Decreased Hypothalamic sensitivity
Decreased Ghrelin
Decreased GnRH pulse generator sensitivity to inhibition by estradiol and progesterone
Decreased progesterone in early luteal phase
Decreased GH (other studies say GH is increased)
Decreased insulin receptor tyrosine phosphorylation
Decreased nitric oxide production
Lipolytic Catecholamine Resistance
Possible Adrenal insufficiency
Possible insufficient central beta-endorphin inhibition
Possible increased Progesterone
Possible increased LDL Cholesterol
Possible decreased HDL Cholestero
There is conflicting evidence for some of the features listed above. Everyone will have different features and symptoms. Many women will not have high blood sugar, for example. That may come in later stages after insulin resistance takes its toll.
As one study put it: “Polycystic ovary syndrome describes a conformational ovarian state that may be the final common manifestation of several pathogenic pathways.”
These features share many features in common with diabetes and hyperinsulinemia.


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