December 4, 2012

Fungal Arthritis

Posted in FUNGAL tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , at 6:48 pm by PCOSLady

PCOS Lady:
Arthritis, many of you have it! Here is a fungal one you should look at and possibly ask your doctor to consider testing you for it!
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So often we accept our symptoms as being due to aging, body changing, hereditary things, etc…
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Fact is as we age we are experiencing foreign micro organisms (fungus, bacteria, “bad” parasites, yeast, etc…) invading us… Over the years they are showing signs they are in us!
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FUNGAL ARTHRITIS
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What are Fungal infections?
Fungal infections are caused by microscopic plants (fungi) that can live on the skin. They can live on the dead tissues of the hair, nails, and outer skin layers.
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http://adam.about.net/encyclopedia/infectiousdiseases/Fungal-arthritis.htm
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Fungal Arthritis
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Fungal arthritis is infection of a joint by a fungus.
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Causes:
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Fungal arthritis, also called mycotic arthritis, is a very rare condition. It can be caused by any of the invasive types of fungi. These organisms may affect bone or joint tissue. One or more joints may be affected, most often the large, weight-bearing joints, especially the knees.
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Conditions that can cause fungal arthritis include:
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~ Blastomycosis
~ Candidiasis
~ Coccidioidomycosis
~ Cryptococcosis
~ Histoplasmosis
~ Sporotrichosis
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The infection sometimes occurs as a result of an infection in another organ such as the lungs, and tends to get worse very slowly. The large joints are most often affected. People with weakened immune systems who travel or live in endemic areas are more susceptible to most causes of fungal arthritis.
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Symptoms:
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~ Arthritis
~ Fever
~ Joint pain
~ Joint stiffness
~ Joint swelling
~ Swelling of the ankles, feet, and legs
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Exams and Tests:
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~ Culture of joint fluid that grows fungus
~ Joint x-ray showing joint changes
~ Positive antibody test (serology) for fungal disease
~ Synovial biopsy showing fungus
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Treatment
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The goal of treatment is to cure the infection using antifungal drugs. The most commonly used antifungal drugs are amphotericin B or medications in the azole family (fluconazole, ketoconazole, or itraconazole).
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Chronic or advanced bone or joint infection may require surgery (debridement) to remove the infected tissue.
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Outlook (Prognosis)
What happens depends on the underlying cause of the infection and the patient’s overall health. A weakened immune system, cancer, and certain medications can affect the outcome.
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Possible Complication:
Joint damage can occur if the infection is not treated promptly.
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When to Contact a Medical Professional:
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you have any symptoms of fungal arthritis.
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Prevention:
Thorough treatment of fungal infections elsewhere in the body may help prevent fungal arthritis.
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References:
~ Espinoza LR. Infections of bursae, joints, and bones. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 293.
~ Ohl CA. Infectious arthritis of native joints. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2009: chap 102.

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September 18, 2012

Fungal Infections

Posted in INFECTIONS - FUNGAL tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , at 4:34 pm by PCOSLady

FUNGAL INFECTIONS
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http://www.bettermedicine.com/article/fungal-infections
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What are fungal infections?
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Fungal infections are infections caused by a fungus, a type of microorganism. Two common causes of fungal infections are a fungus called tinea and yeast infections caused by the fungus Candida albicans.
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Some very common types of fungal infections caused by tinea include:
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~ Athlete’s foot
~ Jock itch
~ Ringworm
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Common yeast infections, also called candida and candidiasis, can infect other areas of the body including:
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~ Digestive tract (gastroenteritis)
~ Lungs
~ Mouth (oral thrush)
~ Vagina (vaginal yeast infection, vaginal thrush)
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In most cases, fungal infections are treatable in generally healthy people. However, these infections are more likely to occur and can be more difficult to treat in people with weakened immune systems due to such conditions as HIV/AIDS, diabetes, or taking steroid medications or chemotherapy. In these cases, complications of fungal infections may become life threatening.
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Recurring fungal infections can also be a symptom of a serious, undiagnosed, underlying disease, such as HIV/AIDS or diabetes. Seek prompt medical care for recurring fungal infections including vaginal yeast infections.
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What are the symptoms of fungal infections?
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Symptoms of fungal infections differ depending on the type and severity of the infection, the area of the body affected, and individual factors…. Read more about fungal infections symptoms
What causes fungal infections?
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Different types of fungus cause a variety of fungal infections:… Read more about fungal infections causes at the site page…
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PCOS Lady:
Fungal Arthritis is something to consider, especially if medication(s) are not helping you…
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How are fungal infections treated?
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Treatment of fungal infections begins with seeking regular medical care throughout your life. Regular medical care allows your health care professional to assess your risks of developing fungal infections and promptly order diagnostic testing for fungal infections and underlying conditions as needed. These measures greatly increase the chances of diagnosing and treating underlying causes of fungal infections in their earliest stages…. Read more about fungal infections treatments at the site…
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SITES
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http://arthritis.about.com/od/fungal/Fungal_Arthritis_Mycotic_Cause_Diagnosis_Symptoms_Treatment.htm
~ About.com … Fungal Arthritis (Mycotic) – Cause – Diagnosis – Symptoms – Treatment

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